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yonghaojiaoyugaigezhihuibang——jiedu《shenhuaxinshidaijiaoyupingjiagaigezongtifangan》

riqi:2020-10-22 10:51:00      laiyuan:renminribao

  近日,中共中央、国务院印发了《深化新时代教育评价改革总体方案》(以下简称《总体方案》)。这是新中国第一个环球app教育评价系统改革的文件,也是指导深化新时代教育评价改革的纲领性文件。《总体方案》从党中央关心、群众关切、社会关注的问题入手,破立并举,推进教育评价关键领域改革取得实质性突破。 

    

wenjianyounaxiexinliangdian,xiayiburuheguancheluoshi?duoweizhuanjiacongbutongjiaodutigonglefenxiyusikao。

  把立德树人成效作为根本标准 

  《zongtifangan》mingque,jianchibalideshurenchengxiaozuoweigenbenbiaozhun。jianjuekefuzhongzhiyuqingdeyu、zhongfenshuqingsuzhidengpianmianbanxuexingwei,cujinxueshengshenxinjiankang、quanmianfazhan。“danchunyongkaoshishengxuede‘zhihuibang’zhihuixuexiaojiaoyu、pingjiaxuexiaojiaoyu、kaohexuexiaojiaoyu,weibeilelideshurendejiaoyubenzhi。”guojiajiaoyukaoshizhidaoweiyuanhuiweiyuan、beijingshifandaxuejiaoshouzhangzhiyongshuo。

  “《zongtifangan》jiushiyaoconggenbenshanghuidaweishenmebanjiaoyu、shenmeshirenminmanyidejiaoyu,huidapeiyangshenmeren、zenyangpeiyangren、weisheipeiyangrendewenti。”shanghaishijiaoweidianjiaoguanguanzhangzhangzhibiaoshi,jiaoyupingjiagaige,jiushiyaoshulidezhitimeilaoquanmianfazhandeyurenguan,yindaogejijiaoyujigouhexueshengzaijiaqiangpindexiuyangshangxiagongfu,jiaoyuyindaoxueshengpeiyuhejianxingshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguan。

  “woguogaoxiaoyingdangpeiyangyidaiyouyidaiyonghuzhongguogongchandanglingdaohewoguoshehuizhuyizhidu、lizhiweizhongguoteseshehuizhuyifendouzhongshendeyouyongrencai。”beijingkejidaxuexiaozhangyangrenshushuo。

  “zaijiaoyupingjiashangtuchulideshuren,zhizaiyindaojiaoyuhuiguigenben。”zhongguorenmindaxuedangweishujijinnuobiaoshi,congjibenneihankan,“lideshuren”zhishaobaokuo4gefangmiandeneirong,jiyoudexing、youcaixue、yougenji、yougeju。

  jiangxishengweijiaoyugongweishujiyerensuntandao:“womenjiangzhichi、guli、yindaoxuexiaojiangzhixiaobanxuedezhongdianfangdaolideshurenshanglai,jianjuejiuzhengyiweizhuiqiukaoshiheshengxuechengji,hushideyu、xishengshishengshenxinjiankangdecuowuzuofa。”

  围绕“破五唯”目标展开推进 

  “wuwei”shidangqianjiaoyupingjiawentidejizhongtixian,fanyinglebukexuedepingjiadaoxiang。jiaoyubujichujiaoyuzhiliangjiancezhongxinfuzhurenxintaofenxi:“jinnianlai,woguojiaoyupingjiatixizhubuwanshan,danshi,jiaoyupingjiadegongnengrengweidedaokexuedi、chongfendifahui。zheiyiwentituchubiaoxianweiyifenshuheshengxuelvweiweiyiyijulaipingjiaxuesheng、xuexiaohejiaoyucongyerenyuan,yiwenping、lunwenhemaoziweiweiyiyijulaipingjiarencai。”

  《zongtifangan》mingque,niuzhuanbukexuedejiaoyupingjiadaoxiang,jianjuekefuweifenshu、weishengxue、weiwenping、weilunwen、weimaozidewanzhangguji。

  zhongguojiaoyubaokanshedangweishuji、shezhangzhaibojutifenxi:“‘weifenshu’pingjiaxuesheng,hushilexueshengsixiangpinde、shenxinjiankang、nenglisuzhidengchengzhangdezhongyaoyinsu,buliyuxueshengdezhitimeilaoquanmianfazhan;‘weishengxue’pingjiaxuexiao,weibeilejiaoyuguilv,buliyuyingzaojiankangdejiaoyushengtai;‘weiwenping’pingjiarencai,hushilerendepinxinghezonghesuzhi,buliyugulixueshengduoyanghuachengzhang、chengcai;‘weilunwen’pingjiajiaoshi,hushilejiaoshijiaoshuyurendebenzhi;‘weimaozi’pingjiaxueke,hushilexuekejianshedebenzhi、zhize、shiminghezuoyong,buliyutuijinrencaichenghaohuiguixueshuxing、rongyuxingbenzhi。guancheluoshi《zongtifangan》,yaoshenkefansi、kefujiaoyugelingyu、gehuanjiecunzaide‘wuwei’wenti,polibingju,tigaogaigeshixiao。”

  dongbeidaxuexiaozhangzhaojirenwei, “powuwei”shijiaoyupingjiagaigedeguanjianrenwuhezhongzhongzhizhong,duizhenggejiaoyuxitongyouqishigaodengjiaoyulingyujuyouzhongyaoshifanzuoyong, 《zongtifangan》bushudewuxiangjiaoyupingjiagaigerenwu,junshiweirao “powuwei”dezhongxinmubiaozhankaituijin。gaodengjiaoyugongzuozhebixuyishenhuajiaoyupingjiagaigeweiqianyinheqierudian,kaituowoguogaodengjiaoyugaigechuangxinfazhanxinjumian。

  不断完善不同主体的评价办法 

  jiaoyupingjiagaigeshiyixiangshijiexing、lishixing、shijianxingnanti,shejiduozhongyinsu、butongzhuti,qianyifaerdongquanshen,beiyuweijiaoyuzonghegaige“guanjianyiyi”he“zuiyingyizhang”。

  “pingjiashijiaoyufazhande‘niubizi’yu‘zhihuibang’,huichengweijiaoyufazhande‘fangxiangpan’。zhongguojiaoyufazhandexinjieduanjiqixinrenwu,xuyaoxindepingjiatixiyuyuanzefangfajinxingdaohang,tazhijieguanxidaokexuedejiaoyuguan、rencaidechengzhangguan、shehuidexuanrenyongrenguan。”guowuyuancanshishiteyueyanjiuyuan、qinghuadaxuejiaoshouxieweihefenxi。

  shenhuajiaoyupingjiagaigeshiyixiangfuzadexitonggongcheng,xuyaogefangtonglipeihe、xietongtuijin。zhuanjiamenrenwei,pingjiagaigeyou5geguanjianzhuti,dangweihezhengfu、xuexiao、jiaoshi、xuesheng、shehuiyongrendanwei。guancheluoshi《zongtifangan》,jiuyaolizuwudazhuti,quanmianfansi、shenshi、diaozheng、wanshanxianxingdegeleipingjiazhidu、pingjiabiaozhun、pingjiachengxudeng,jianlijianshidezhidujichu。

  “gegexuexiao、gejijiaoyuzhuguanbumenyouqishiguangdadejiaoyugongzuozhexuyaoshenkelijielinghui《zongtifangan》jingshen,jiehegezidegongzuoshijian,buduanmosuowanshangegelingyubutongzhutiduixiangdepingjiabanfa,xingchengkecaozuodeguizhangzhiduyuxize。”zhongguojiaoyuzaixianzongbianjichenzhiwenshuo。

  

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